The Union Budget 2023-24, which was presented by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman in Parliament on February 1, has brought significant changes to personal income tax. The income tax rebate limit has been increased to Rs 7 lakh.
In Budget 2020, taxpayers were given an option to either continue with the old tax regime, where tax exemptions could be claimed, or opt for the new regime with lower tax rate but no exemptions. In both the old and new tax regimes, however, the annual income up to which one did not need to pay taxes was Rs 5 lakh. This has been changed in the Union Budget 2023-24. The Finance Minister, in her budget speech, proposed to increase the tax-free ceiling in the new tax regime to Rs 7 lakh from the existing Rs 5 lakh. This means that those who have chosen the new tax regime and have an income of up to Rs 7 lakh will not be required to pay any taxes.
Besides this, the tax slabs have also been reworked and the number of slabs have been brought down from six to five. Now, in the new regime, income between Rs 0-3 lakh will not be taxed. This is an increase of Rs 50,000 from the zero to Rs 2.5 lakh no- tax slab applicable earlier.
INCOMEq WITH UP TO RS 7 LAKH (OLD TAX REGIME)
If you have an income of up to Rs 7 lakh in the old tax regime then your total taxable income after all deductions will turn out to be Rs 3,70,000. The tax payable on it will be Rs 6,240, which includes 4% sur- charge and 5% tax in the Rs 2.5 lakh to Rs 5 lakh tax slab. This payable amount becomes zero after deductions under Section 87A of the Income Tax Act are claimed. Here, you can avail the various exemptions and deductions such as house rent allowance (HRA)and interest on home loan.
INCOME WITH UP TO RS 7 LAKH (NEW TAX REGIME)
If your annual income is up to Rs 7 lakh then in the proposed new tax regime, you are not liable to pay any taxes on your income. However, you cannot claim any exemptions.
INCOME OF RS 10 LAKH (OLD TAX REGIME)
For those who have an annual income of Rs 10 lakh, the taxable income will be Rs 6 lakh after deductions of total Rs 4 lakh. In this case, the income tax payable could be Rs 33,800 after all exemptions and deductions.
INCOME OF RS 10 LAKH (NEW TAX REGIME)
In the new tax regime, a person with Rs 10 lakh annual income will have to pay Rs 54,600 as income tax. The total taxable income here is Rs 9,50,000, which is subject to tax at 5%, 10%, and 15%. No exemptions or deductions can be availed here.
INCOME OF RS 15 LAKH (OLD TAX REGIME)
Taxpayers with Rs 15 lakh annual income will have to pay Rs 1,06,600 as income tax. This includes 5% tax in the Rs 2.5 – Rs 5 lakh slab and 20% tax in the Rs 5 – Rs 10 lakh slab. Here, the total taxable income is Rs 9,50,000.
INCOME OF RS 15 LAKH (NEW TAX REGIME)
In the new tax regime, those with income of Rs 15 lakh will have a taxable income of Rs 14,50,000. This will be taxed at 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% in different tax slabs, which brings the total tax payable to Rs 1,45,000.