The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People’s is observed on August 9 every year to promote and protect the rights of the world’s indigenous population. This event also recognizes the achievements and contributions made by the indigenous people to recognize their efforts in improving world issues such as environmental protection.
The theme for 2019 is, ‘Indigenous Languages’ focusing on the current situation with indigenous languages around the world within the framework of the 2019 International Year of Indigenous Languages.
There are an estimated 370 million indigenous people in the world, living across 90 countries. They make up less than 5 per cent of the world’s population, but account for 15 per cent of the poorest. They speak an overwhelming majority of the world’s estimated 7,000 languages and represent 5,000 different cultures.
Indigenous peoples are inheritors and practitioners of unique cultures and ways of relating to people and the environment. They have retained social, cultural, economic and political characteristics that are distinct from those of the dominant societies in which they live. Despite their cultural differences, indigenous peoples from around the world share common problems related to the protection of their rights as distinct people.
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