The central government in a high-level meeting to combat COVID-19 issued a vaccination strategy for States/UTs on effective implementation of the New Vaccination Strategy (Phase-3) and to review their augmentation plans so as to strengthen the existing hospital and clinical treatment infrastructure for COVID patients.
India will begin a large vaccination drive from May 1 for everyone above the age of 18 to be eligible to get the vaccine against Covid-19. The registration for the vaccination drive will begin from April 28 via Aarogya Setu App or via cowin.gov.in
With regards to the Phase III Vaccination strategy from 1st May 2021, the States were specifically advised to:
- Register additional private COVID Vaccination Centres (CVCs) in mission mode by engaging with private hospitals, hospitals of industrial establishments, Industry Associations, etc., coordinating with designated appropriate authority, mechanism for applications/requests and their processing and monitoring of pendency of registration.
- Monitor number of hospitals that have procured vaccines and have declared stocks and prices on COWIN.
- Schedule Vaccination for eligible population for providing adequate visibility of vaccination slots on COWIN.
- Prioritize Decision regarding direct procurement of vaccines by State/UT Government.
- Publicize about facility of ‘only online registration’ for age groups 18-45 year.
- Train CVC staff about Vaccination, AEFI reporting and management, Use of COWIN – Training schedule and Reconciliation of vaccine stocks have been already provided to private CVCs.
- Coordinate with law-and-order authorities for effective crowd management at CVCs.
Regarding infrastructure augmentation for effective clinical treatment of the hospitalized COVID patients, States were advised to review their existing hospital and other COVID treatment infrastructure in light of the daily new case, daily fatality and those that would require hospitalization.
To prepare and implement a Comprehensive Plan for Augmentation, the States were advised to:
- Identify additional Dedicated Covid-19 hospitals and prepare field hospital facilities either through DRDO, CSIR or similar agencies in the public and private sector.
- Ensure adequacy in terms of oxygen supported beds, ICU beds and oxygen supplies. Setting up centralized call center-based services for allocation of beds.
- Deploy of requisite Human Resources with proper Training & mentoring of doctors and nurses for management of patients and Strengthening ambulance services.
- Establish of sufficient referral linkages for districts with deficit infrastructure through deployment of additional ambulances.
- Set up of centralized call center-based services for allocation of beds.
The States were also advised to:
- Maintain a real-time record for available beds and make is easily accessible to general public
- Create guidelines and enable states to take over private health facilities to provide COVID-19 care
- Expand designated COVID-19 care facilities for isolation of asymptomatic and mild symptomatic patients so that all those who either cannot isolate at home and/or are willing for institutional isolation, have access to the requisite space and care
- Provide tele-medicine facilities for patients who are isolated at home
- Ensure adequate availability of oxygen, ventilators and intensive care under trained doctors, as well as access to steroids and other drugs as appropriate
- step up creation of in-hospital oxygen plants in large hospitals
- Pay fair and regular remuneration to ASHAs and other frontline workers who are being engaged for COVID-19
Various steps taken by the Union Government to augment hospital infrastructure in the States and UTs were reiterated, such as Union Government’s instructions to Hospitals under the control of Central departments/PSUs to set-up exclusive dedicated hospitals or separate blocks within the hospitals. The plan to set up temporary COVID Care facilities and makeshift hospitals, including ICU beds, in coordination with the DRDO and CSIR-CBRI was re-iterated. The State/UTs were guided to co-ordinate with Corporate entities/PSUs/Government Departments for their CSR funds to facilitate setting up makeshift hospitals and temporary COVID care facilities. Cooperation with National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) for repurposing healthcare facilities (spread across 18 regional offices) for creation of COVID facilities was also advised. They were also advised to use Railway Coaches for management of mild cases; details of availability of 3,816 such coaches, across 16 Zones of Railways have been shared with the States.