Supreme Court judge Justice DY Chandrachud suggested that the government should incorporate Artificial Intelligence algorithms to predict the outcomes of certain special cases, Such as land acquisition-related cases and motor accident claims. He added that this will help the Judiciary in identifying frivolous litigation and in turn improve productivity.
Virtually inaugurating the â€˜Justice Clockâ€™ and electronic payment of court fees â€“ two new digital initiatives of the Gujarat High Court Monday, he further acknowledged that judges have been â€œoblivious to the demands of timeâ€ and technology has reminded the value of time.
Implying that the digital initiatives will â€œbring focus on judgesâ€, Justice Chandrachud acknowledged that â€œit is true that we forget the clock while we do justice.â€ â€œIn a way, it is good that we forget the clock because judges were oblivious to the demands of time. Once you handle a case in a court, no case is too big and no case is too small because it represents a human face behind a dispute. But equally, technology has taught us that we must respect the time value of all stakeholders,â€ he reminded.
â€˜Justice Clockâ€™, a physical LED display set up at a crossroad near the Gujarat High Court, displays several statistics, including case clearance rate, cases pending and cases disposed of, across all courts of Gujarat in real-time. The statistics can also be accessed via the HC website. With e-payment, advocates and litigants can now make online payments instead of physical submission of judicial stamp papers.
The apex court judge also added he proposes to write to â€œall the chief justices to now replicateâ€ the â€˜Justice Clockâ€™ not only in the high courts but across all district courts in the country.
â€œTechnology should bring about a transformation, not just automation. While facilities of e-payment and e-filing have automated many of our manual processes, the next step should be evaluating the prospect of using AI in court processes. Across the world, AI algorithms are used for advanced case law search engines, online dispute resolution, assistance in drafting needs, analysis that is predictive, that is scaling up analysis, categorisation of contracts according to different criteria and detection of divergent or incompatible contractual clauses and chatbots to inform litigants or support them in their legal proceedings,â€ he said.
In India, he said, AI technology has been incorporated in the virtual courts in 12 states to adjudicate upon traffic challans. â€œWeâ€™ve also developed an advanced judgment search portal that provides access to the judgments and final orders pronounced by various high courts in the country. It provides the facility to serve judgments based on several criteria. The most important feature of this portal is the free text search engine which finds out judgments based on a given keyword,â€ said Justice Chandrachud, who is also chairman of the e-committee at the apex court.
He, however, cautioned that one has to be â€œwary of the possibility that AI-generated outcomes are not predicted by any biases, which can crop up in how algorithms analyse dataâ€ and added that â€œa healthy balance between the use of technology and human intervention has to be maintained.â€